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Environmental Sustainability

To understand while the need to sustain the environment we must first define what sustainability is. Sustainability is the ability to continue a defined behavior indefinitely.

According to Herman Daly, one of the early pioneers of ecological sustainability, he looked at the problem from a maintenance of natural capital viewpoint and in 1990 he proposed that

1. For renewable resources, the rate of harvest should not exceed the rate of regeneration (sustainable yield);

2. [For pollution] The rates of waste generation from projects should not exceed the assimilative capacity of the environment (sustainable waste disposal); and

3. For nonrenewable resources the depletion of the nonrenewable resources should require comparable development of renewable substitutes for that resource.

Therefore, Environmental sustainability is the rates of renewable resource harvest, pollution creation, and non-renewable resource depletion that can be continued indefinitely. If they cannot be continued indefinitely then they are not sustainable.

 The event was officially divided into two sessions.

The first session kicked off with the Welcome Address by National Network Coordinator (WANEP-Nigeria) - Ms. Bridget Osakwe, Opening Statement by OXFAM- Mr. Abdulazeez Musa, Goodwill Message by VFS President/Resource person- Professor Ayoola and Female Food Heroines.

Professor Ayoola, VSF President gave a talk on Vulnerability, Gender Needs and Good Practices. He started by saying that Vulnerability is a word that is general in every sense and not as everyone would relate it to the less privileged. He urged everyone to be aware the vulnerability can be seen in almost every aspect of life. Gender Needs; stressed on the need for gender equality. He referred to the fact that women suffer a great deal when it comes to the Agricultural sector and this is something that needs to be changed. Organizations are rising up everywhere to make sure gender equality becomes a normal in the country. Good practice is hence the icing on the cake for bo0oth Vulnerability and Gender Needs.

 

Nigeria produces approximately 8million metric tonnes of maize per year. Maize is one of the most versatile emerging crops having wider conditions. Globally, maize is known as queen of cereals because it has the highest genetic yield potential among the cereals. It is cultivated on nearly 150m ha in about 160 countries having wider diversity of soil, climate, biodiversity and management practices that contributes 36% (782MT) in the global grain production.

Soils

Maize can be grown successfully in variety of soils ranging from loam – sand to clay – loam. However, soils with good organic matter content having high water holding capacity with neutral PH are considered good for higher yield.

Fertilizer Management for Maize

Maize hybrids are responsive to nutrients applied either through organic or inorganic sources. The rate of nutrient application depends mainly on soil nutrient status/balance and cropping system.

  • Application of organic manure such as animal droppings, cow dungs etc are ideal for an effective growth, yield and high productivity.

 

HAPPY #InternationalWorkersDay

This year's theme focuses on "Uniting for Social and Economic Advancement"

Social Economic Advancement involves advancement in economic activities that will promote social impact.

The question on our minds should be how we can contribute towards dealing with socioeconomic issues like poverty, social immobility, decline in economic growth, gender-based violence, inequality, hunger, climate change, etc. It is time for all workers to unite purposefully and create economic and social development structures because in the end these structures still affect us.

Vegetables are certain parts of plants that are consumed by humans as food as part of a savory meal - Wikipedia.

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Most vegetables are grown all over the world as climate permits, and crops may be cultivated in protected environments in less suitable locations. China is the largest producer of vegetables and global trade in agricultural products allows consumers to purchase vegetables grown in faraway countries. The scale of production varies from subsistence farmers supplying the needs of their family for food, to agribusinesses with vast acreages of single-product crops. Depending on the type of vegetable concerned, harvesting the crop is followed by grading, storing, processing, and marketing.

 

CARROTS

Carrots Daucus Carota are root vegetables and one of the most widely used vegetables in the world, owing to the fact that they grow relatively easily and are great for a variety of dishes, pastries, juices, cultural cuisines, intercontinental meals and yes, skin therapy. These all year round vegetables were first grown in Asia and they come in orange, purple, white, yellow and red colors.

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Carrots provide health benefits among improving the skin, boosting the immune system, improving digestion, detoxifying the body, protecting against some cancer due to their antioxidant power, reducing cholesterol, lowering risk of heart attacks, improving vision due to their Vitamin A content, reducing signs of premature aging, etc. They are rich in a well formed influx of vitamins and minerals.

Community farming offers many benefits to farmers who want to practice sustainable agriculture and to communities who want fresh, healthy, locally-produced food.

Healthy Local Economies

Community farms are locally owned and operated, and democratically controlled. Local farms keep money circulating in their communities rather than exporting it to absentee owners or shareholders, and the benefits are passed on to local restaurants, farmers markets, retailers, and consumers.

Demand for bio-fuels is increasing global food prices, says study.

Using crops for fuel is putting pressure on food prices says a new analysis, which calls for an end to food-based bio-fuels.

Demand for biofuels made from food crops, such as palm and rapeseed oil, has led to an increase in global food prices and needs to be curbed, according to a new analysis.

There has been a surge in the production of bio-fuels in Europe and the US since the early 2000s, backed by policies designed to cut use of fossil fuels, such as the first EU bio-fuel directive in 2003.

In the face of criticism about bio-fuels’ link to rising food prices and deforestation, the EU agreed to cap the use of food-based bio-fuels at 7% in 2015.

FARM VISIT

We held another farm visit today, as it is our culture for #FarmFriday. It was another exciting time as we made our way to Mpape with expectations as how the farm would looking owing to the rains and last visit.

We were not disappointed as the farm glowed green from meters away. The farm caretakers and Alexijan team were on ground to receive us. The farm supervisor Mathew Zaki, went with some team members to administer Lytavite Plus Dextrose to the birds while the Farm Security, Yau Mohammed took the rest of the team round the farm showing and explaining to them the crops that are doing well, the new crops planted in the farm and the reason for planting them.

Women are the backbone of the development of rural and national economies. They comprise 43% of the world’s agricultural labor force, which rises to 70% in some countries. In Africa, 80% of the agricultural production comes from small rural farmers that are women, this is to say that women comprise the largest percentage of the workforce in the agricultural sector, but yet lack adequate access and control over all land and productive resources. These women are hardly included in the design and planning of Agricultural programs and policies.